Posted July 1, 2020 9:29 pm by

Every nation has its transformative moments. But such rarely come without a struggle. It could be war, revolution, rebellion, constitutional change and such disruptive processes.
In its chequered history, Kenya has experienced moments of monumental change. However, three of them stand out as shining examples of the contested nature of national transformation.

The first is Independence in 1963, the culmination of a seven-decade struggle against the oppressive colonial State. The climax was the Mau Mau resistance and political agitation by nationalists between 1952-59 followed by the Lancaster Conferences of 1960-62 leading to Independence.

The second was the return to multipartysm in 1991 with the removal of the infamous Section 2A of the Constitution. This followed sustained civic agitation led by political activists, intellectuals, academics, students and clergy, against the repressive KANU regime.

The third is the adoption of a new Constitution in 2010, the progeny of a two-decade struggle by pro-democracy champions and progressive forces of change. This ushered in a new constitutional architecture hailed as one of the most progressive in modern history.
There have been many other defining moments in the country’s history like the landmark 2002 elections that ended decades of KANU dictatorship.

That too, was the fruit of a relentless push for democratic and constitutional reforms. The Narc revolution, as it was then called, paved way for reforms leading to a new Constitution.
History teaches us that transformative change demands sacrifice, commitment and patriotism on the part of citizens.

In his Madaraka Day speech, President Uhuru Kenyatta pitched for the re-imagining of our nationhood and especially the Kenyan Dream, as espoused by the Nation’s Founding Fathers.

Among other things, he underscored the need to re-engineer the country’s civic culture to one “that is biased toward duty, hard work and integrity.”
Civic culture from a political perspective denotes attitudes, habits and beliefs that inform the functioning of a society or nation.

Political philosophers dating back to Aristotle, Montesquieu, Tocqueville and others have studied civic culture. They all seem to agree that it is a vital component of the political life of a nation and particularly how citizens participate in governance.

Re-creating our civic culture therefore, entails dealing with certain attitudes, habits and beliefs that have progressively become entrenched in our society. These include corruption, laziness, indiscipline, criminality and cynicism.

The nation’s founders desired an independent Kenya free from poverty, disease and hunger. We can include the Read More…Re-imagining Kenya and creating a new civic culture  Re-imagining Kenya and creating a new civic culture  Re-imagining Kenya and creating a new civic culture  Re-imagining Kenya and creating a new civic culture